Mar 222016

President appreciates inclusion of women representatives in Parliament

It is really disappointing to see the number of women’s representatives in the parliament of India. The total number of women occupying the seats among 543 Lok Sabha members is only 66 which comprises to a mere 12% of the total. And to add to this scenario, the condition of women MLA’s within state assemblies is a lot worse. The national average is calculated as 9%. A few stats like Rajasthan, Bihar and Haryana, have 14% women representation, while other states like Nagaland and Pondicherry does not have any female MLA’s at all.

The major question

It can be said undoubtedly that India ranks long behind several other countries of the world considering the presence of female MLA’s and MP’s in parliament. Among the 141 ranks in the world, India ranks 103 and this is hardly a position that India can be proud of. Even among the Asian countries, India ranks 13th among 18 countries. Now, with these data available in our hand, the primary question that comes to the fore front is, women empowerment is one of the major changes that India is considering right now, so why the Parliament does not have equal (or at least near to equal) number of candidates?

Appropriate opportunities for women

The pending reservation bill is surely the answer to the above question. The bill ensures that 33% of reservation for participation within the Parliament shall be made for women and it is really unacceptable that even after being approved by two third majorities, that bill has not been implemented. While speaking about the national conference of women legislators, it was mentioned by our present President that women need to be given with appropriate opportunities to be the representatives of certain states and be a member of parliament. As stated by our President, it is really “unfortunate” that our country is not able to provide a minimum of 33% women representation in parliament. The national conference that was held on “Women legislators: building resurgent India”, comprised of three major sections that contributes to better governance and legislation, better economic development and better social development.

Enhancing women empowerment

In this regard, Prime Minister Modi was praised by the president because of the initialization of “Beti bachao Beti Padhao” scheme by the government. By offering women their due representation within state legislatures and parliament, it will definitely improve the women empowerment. Without proper representation there cannot be empowerment. A huge number of individuals are of the opinion that conferences like these are just a “feel good” factor for India till the women reservation bill is not passed by the parliament. But this is high time, we raise our voice against such a less number of women representation in the Parliament and different other committees of the government.

Percentage of women in different sectors

  • On the public accounts and different public undertakings, there are no women representatives at all. In the parliament on 12% women are present and 4% in other different categories.
  • Apart from 4 women in the standing committees of parliament, home secretariat department have two representatives, finance and railway has one representative each.
  • The motto of this conference was for the leaders to shed their gender biasness and the restore the balance between male and female representatives. The political parties need to offer more opportunities to women members for participating within parliamentary debate.

A tabular overview of the number of women MPs in India and their percentage

SL NO NO. of women candidates year Percentage
1. 40 1996 7.37%
2. 43 1998 7.92%
3. 49 1999 9.02%
4. 45 2004 8.29%
5. 59 2009 10.87%
6. 66 2014 12.15

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